Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2008
Title: Bacterioplancton de tres lagunas de alta montaña tropical andina en el departamento de Boyacá, Colombia
Authors: Meneses Ortegón, Luz Andrea
metadata.dc.contributor.role: Herrera Martínez, Yimy (Director tesis)
Keywords: Fitoplancton - Boyacá (Colombia)
Organismos acuáticos
Ecosistemas andinos - Investigaciones - Boyacá (Colombia)
Ecosistemas forestales
Fitoplancton
Maestría en Ciencias Biológicas - Tesis y disertaciones académicas
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
Citation: Meneses Ortegón, L. A. (2013). Bacterioplancton de tres lagunas de alta montaña tropical andina en el departamento de Boyacá, Colombia. (Tesis de Maestría). Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja. http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2008
Abstract: La cadena trófica tradicional es una interacción directa entre depredadores y presas, en donde un depredador tope puede afectar positivamente a las especies basales ya que controla los depredadores de estos. En ésta, una parte de la energía se creía perdida de un nivel a otro, sin embargo, gracias al concepto de cadena trófica detritívora y “bucle microbiano”, se describió que es reciclada y reincorporada al ciclo de materia y energía, a través de las bacterias en tres pasos: procesamiento y descomposición de la materia orgánica, remineralización de nutrientes y alimento de otros niveles tróficos. A pesar de su importancia es poco lo que se conoce de su estructuración en los ecosistemas tropicales altoandinos, por esta razón, el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la variabilidad bacterioplanctónica en lagos altoandinos de Boyacá en tres épocas climáticas. Para lo cual se tomaron muestras triplicadas en tres zonas, superficie, fondo y litoral, en las Lagunas Cristalina, Negra y Verde de Boyacá y se determinó la biomasa, abundancia y formas bacterianas, así como variables físico-químicas (nitritos, nitratos, fosfatos, materia orgánica, temperatura, pH, conductividad, oxígeno) y clorofila α. Se encontró que la abundancia y biomasa bacteriana están dentro del rango establecido para lagos oligotróficos y las formas bacilares son las más comunes en estos ecosistemas. La clorofila α es importante para explicar la estructuración del bacterioplancton gracias a la correlación que existe de aporte de materia orgánica por parte del fitoplancton y remineralización de nutrientes por parte de las bacterias. Se concluyó que el fósforo puede ser un nutriente limitante para el bacterioplancton.
Description: 73 páginas : ilustraciones (algunas color), tablas, figuras.
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