Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Materias primas críticas y complejidad económica en América Latina
Other Titles: Critical Raw Materials and Economic Complexity in Latin America
Matérias-primas críticas e complexidade econômica na América Latina
Authors: Lara Rodríguez, Juan Sebastián
Tosi Furtado, André
Altimiras Martin, Aleix
Keywords: Industria minera - Aspectos económicos
Teoría económica
Recursos naturales no renovables - América Latina
Desarrollo económico - América Latina
Recursos minerales
Recursos naturales no renovables
Desarrollo económico
Tecnologías sostenibles
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Publisher: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
Citation: Lara Rodríguez, J. S., Tosi Furtado, A. & Altimiras Martin, . (2018). Materias críticas y complejidad económica en América Latina. Revista Apuntes del CENES, 37(65), 15-51. DOI:
Abstract: Existen minerales dinamizadores de crecimiento económico, fundamentales para el desarrollo de tecnologías sostenibles. Estas materias primas críticas (MPC) son determinadas por modelos creados para economías complejas. El objetivo de este artículo es examinar las políticas minerales de materias primas críticas en las principales economías de América Latina, y el papel de sus respectivos sistemas nacionales de innovación (SNI), en búsqueda de mayor complejidad económica, mediante un método de evaluación comparativo aplicado a la política mineral de las principales naciones de esta zona —Brasil, México, Argentina, Colombia y Chile—. Descubrimos que debido a la simplicidad de estas economías y de políticas minerales que desestiman sus respectivos sistemas nacionales de innovación, se compromete el aumento de la complejidad económica de los Estados en cuestión, la cual se caracteriza por la precaria adición de valor mediante la interacción de conocimiento y capacidades en relación con sus recursos minerales e industria.
Description: Páginas 15-51.
metadata.dcterms.bibliographicCitation: Abramczyk, H. (2005). Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy (First). Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V.
Altimiras-Martin, A. (2014). Analysing the Structure of the Economy Using Physical Input–Output Tables. Economic Systems Research, 26(4), 463– 485.
Alves, A. R., & Coutinho, A. dos R. (2015). The Evolution of the Niobium Production in Brazil. Materials Research, 18(1), 106–112. http://doi. org/10.1590/1516-1439.276414
Auty, R. M. (2003). Natural resources, development models and sustainable development. In International Institute for Environment and Development, Environmental Economics Programe (pp. 0–25). Stevenage, UK: Earthprint Limited. Retrieved from
Auty, R. M. (2007). The resources curse and sustainable development. In G. Atkinson, S. Dietz, & E. Neumayer (Eds.), Handbook of Sustainable Development (Vol. I, pp. 207–219). Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Babar, I. M., Sabran, M. B. S., Jusoh, Z., Ahmad, H., Harun, S. W., Halder, A., Bhadra, S. K. (2014). Double-clad thulium/ytterbium co-doped octagonal-shaped fibre for fibre laser applications 1. Ukrainian Journal of Physical Optics, 15(4), 173–184.
Becker, P. C., Olsson, N. A., & Simpson, J. R. (1999). Introduction. In Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (First, pp. 1–11). London, GBR: Academic Press.
Bescher, E., Robson, S. R., Mackenzie, J. D., Patt, B., Iwanczyk, J., & Hoffman, E. J. (2000). New lutetium silicate scintillators. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 19(3), 325–328.
British Geological Survey. (2011). Tungsten profile. Nottingham. Retrieved from
Brown, A. (2013). By the numbers: critical materials--weak spot for the U.S.? Mechanical Engineering [Serial Online], 135(5), 28–29. Retrieved from Business Source Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 2, 2014.
Busch, J., Steinberger, J. K., Dawson, D. a, Purnell, P., & Roelich, K. (2014). Managing critical materials with a technology-specific stocks and flows model. Environmental Science & Technology, 48(2), 1298–305. http://doi. org/10.1021/es404877u
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Smith, M. P., & Kynicky, J. (2015). From “strategic” tungsten to “green” neodymium: A century of critical metals at a glance. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 455–458.
Comisión Chilena del Cobre. (2014). Identificación de insumos críticos para el desarrollo de la minería en Chile. Santiago de Chile. Retrieved from http:// Críticos/Estudio_ de_Insumos_Criticos_en_la_Mineria_Chilena_VF.pdf
Csikósoya, A., Ćulkoya, K., & Antośoya, M. (2013). Magnesite industry in the Slovak Republic. Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi - Mineral Resources Management, 29(3).
Dosi, G. (1982). Technological paradigsm and tecnological trajectories. Research Policy, 11, 147–162. 7333(82)90016-6
Du, X., & Graedel, T. E. (2013). Uncovering the end uses of the rare earth elements. The Science of the Total Environment, 461–462, 781–4. http://doi. org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.099
Engholm, M., & Norin, L. (2008). Preventing photodarkening in ytterbium-doped high power fiber lasers; correlation to the UV-transparency of the core glass. Optics Express, 16, 1260–1268.
Erdmann, L., & Graedel, T. E. (2011). Criticality of non-fuel minerals: A review of major approaches and analyses. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 7620–7630.
European Commission. (2014). Report on critical raw materials for the EU, Report of the Ad hoc Working Group on defining critical raw materials. Brussels. Retrieved from files/docs/crm-report-on-critical-raw-materials_en.pdf
Fromer, N. a., & Diallo, M. S. (2013). Nanotechnology and clean energy: sustainable utilization and supply of critical materials. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 15(11), 1–15.
Glöser, S., Tercero, L., Gandenberger, C., & Faulstich, M. (2015). Raw material criticality in the context of classical risk assessment. Resources Policy, 44, 35–46.
Goe, M., & Gaustad, G. (2014). Identifying critical materials for photovoltaics in the US: A multi-metric approach. Applied Energy, 123, 387–396. http://
Goonan, T. (2011). Rare Earth Elements — End Use and Recyclability. Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011– 5094. Retrieved from
Graedel, T. E., Barr, R., Chandler, C., Chase, T., Choi, J., Christoffersen, L., … Zhu, C. (2012). Methodology of metal criticality determination. Environmental Science and Technology, 46(2), 1063–1070. es203534z
Granda, M., Blanco, C., Alvarez, P., Patrick, J. W., & Menéndez, R. (2014). Chemicals from coal coking. Chemical Reviews, 114(3), 1608–1636.
Gu, Y. F., Harada, H., & Ro, Y. (2004). Chromium and chromium-based alloys: Problems and possibilities for high-temperature service. Jom, 56(9), 28– 33.
Gupta, V. K., Jain, R., Hamdan, a. J., Agarwal, S., & Bharti, A. K. (2010). A novel ion selective sensor for promethium determination. Analytica Chimica Acta, 681(1–2), 27–32.
Halme, K., Piirainen, K., Vekinis, G., Ernst-Udo, S., & Viljamaa, K. (2012). Substitutionability of Critical Raw Materials. Zhurnal Eksperimental’noi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki. Brussels: European Union.
Hartwick, J. M. (1977). Intergenerational Equity and the Investing of Rents from Exhaustible Resources. American Economic Association, 67(5), 972–974. Retrieved from
Hausmann, R., Hidalgo, C. a., Bustos, S., Coscia, M., Chung, S., Jimenez, J., … Yildirim, M. (2014). The Atlas of Economic Complexity: Mapping Paths to Prosperity (2014th ed.). Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University and Masachussetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved from
Hein, J. R., Mizell, K., Koschinsky, A., & Conrad, T. a. (2013). Deep-ocean mineral deposits as a source of critical metals for high- and green-technology applications: Comparison with land-based resources. Ore Geology Reviews, 51, 1–14.
Hensel, N. D. (2011). Economic Challenges in the Clean Energy Supply Chain: The Market for Rare Earth Minerals and Other Critical Inputs. Business Economics, 46(3), 171–184.
Hidalgo, C. a, & Hausmann, R. (2009). The building blocks of economic complexity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(26), 10570–10575. pnas.0900943106
Hoppstock, K., & Sures, B. (2004). Platinum-Group Metals. In E. Merian, M. Anke, & M. Stoeppler (Eds.), Elements and Their Compounds in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis and Biological Relevance (pp. 1047–1086). Weinheim, Germany: WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co. KGaA. http://doi. org/10.1002/9783527619634.ch41
Hort, N., Mathaudhu, S., Ncclameggham, N., & Alderman, M. (2013). Magnesium Technology 2013. (M. & M. S. (TMS) Magnesium Committee of the Light Metals Division of The Minerals, Ed.). San Antonio: Wiley.
Karl, T. L. (1997). Review The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Köhler, A. R., Bakker, C., & Peck, D. (2013). Critical materials: a reason for sustainable education of industrial designers and engineers. European Journal of Engineering Education, 38(4), 441–451. 97.2013.796341
Lara-Rodríguez, J. S., & Bermúdez, J. I. (2011). Perspectiva de la política de innovación y su monitoreo en la Unión Europea , 2010-2020. Finanzas Y Política Económica, 3(2), 105–126. Retrieved from http://ideas.repec. org/a/col/000443/009853.html
Lara-Rodríguez, J. S., Rojas, C. A., & Martínez, J. A. (2015). Evolución organizacional : inducción socio-biológica para el entendimiento de la metáfora. AD-Minister, 26(enero-junio), 101–122.
Lara-Rodríguez, J. S., Naranjo-Merchán, W., & Manosalva, S. R. (2017). Formación de capacidades para la formalización minera en Colombia: Un estudio de investigación acción. Cuadernos Del CENDES, 34(94), 97–126. Extraído de
Lundvall, B. Å., Vang, J., Chaminade, J., & Chaminade, C. (2009). Innovation system research and developing countries. In B. Å. Lundvall, K. J. Joseph, C. Chaminade, & J. Vang (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries, Building Domestic Capabilities in a Global Setting (pp. 1–30). Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing
Massari, S., & Ruberti, M. (2013). Rare earth elements as critical raw materials: Focus on international markets and future strategies. Resources Policy, 38(1), 36–43.
McNeil, D. (2004). Beryllium. London, GBR. Retrieved from http://beryllium. eu/resources/Critical Material and Market Forces Literature/Beryllium Production and Outlook Roskill Mineral Sevices.pdf
Melcher, F., & Buchholz, P. (2014). Germanium. In G. Gunn (Ed.), Critical Metals Handbook (First, pp. 177–203). Nottingham. UK: John Wiley & Sons.
Miller, M. (2010). Fluorspar. Mining Engineering, 62(6), 48–49. Retrieved from
Ministério de Minas e Energia. (2011). Plano Nacional de Mineração 2030. Geologia, Mineração e Transformação Mineral. Brasilia. Retrieved from http:// pdf/f7cc76c1-2d3b-4490-9d45-d725801c3522
Ministerio de Minas y Energía. (2012). Resolución número 18 0102 de 30 enero de 2012 “Por la cual se determinan unos minerales de interés estratégico para el país.” Bogotá D.C.: República de Colombia. Retrieved from http://
Ministerio de Minería. (2015). Ministerio de Minería - Cuenta Pública. Santiago de Chile. Retrieved from
Mishra, B., & Termsuksawad, P. (1999). Niobium. Review of Extraction, Processing, Propierties and Aplications of Reactive Metals, 83–134. http://doi. org/DOI: 10.1002/9781118788417.ch3
National Research Council of the National Academies. (2008). Minerals, critical minerals, and the U. S. economy. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press : Washington, DC, United States. Retrieved from
Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. (1982). An evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
Platias, S., Vatalis, K. I., & Charalabidis, G. (2013). Innovative Processing Techniques for the Production of a Critical Raw Material the High Purity Quartz. Procedia Economics and Finance, 5(13), 597–604. S2212-5671(13)00070-1
Ploeg, F. Van Der. (2011). Natural Resources: Curse or Blessing? Journal of Economic Literature, 49(2), 366–420.
Programa Nacional de Minería Alta Ley. (2016). Desde el cobre a la innovación. Roadmap Tecnológico 2015-2035. (Fundación Chile, Ed.). Santiago de Chile: A Impresores.
República Argentina. (1887). Ley 1919 Código de Minería. Buenos Aires: Senado y Camara de Diputados. Retrieved from wp-content/uploads/2011/10/ley-minera-argentina.pdfSchwarz-Schampera, U. (2014). Indium. In G. Gunn (Ed.), Critical Metals handbook (First, Vol. 11, pp. 204–229). Nottingham. UK: John Wiley & Sons.
Secretaría de Economía. (2014). Programa de Desarrollo Minero 2013-2018. Ciudad de México. Retrieved from php?codigo=5344070&fecha=09/0
Secretaría de Política Económica y Planificación del Desarrollo. (2016). Informes de cadenas de valor: Minería Metalífera y Rocas de Aplicación. Buenos Aires. Retrieved from docs/ficha_litio_dic_2011.pdf
Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. (1954). Accessibility of strategic and critical materials to U.S. in time of war and for expanding economy. Accessibility of Strategic and Critical Materials to the United States in Time of War and for Our Expanding Economy. Report of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs Made by Its Minerals, Materials, and Fuels Economic Subcommittee pursuant to S. Re. Retrieved from http:// ds-live
Sievers, H., Buijs, B., & Tercero Espinoza, L. a. (2012). Limits to the critical raw materials approach. Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management, 165(4), 201–208.
Slowinski, G., Latimer, D., & Mehlman, S. (2013). Research-on-Research: Dealing with Shortages of Critical Materials. Research-Technology Management, 56(5), 18–24.
The World Bank. (2013). World Development Indicators: Science and technology. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank Group. Retrieved from http://wdi.
The World Bank. (2014). World Bank GDP Deflator. Retrieved from http://data.
U.S. Geological Survey. (2015). Mineral Commodity Summaries 2015. Reston, Virginia. Retrieved from mcs/2015/mcs2015.pdf
Unidad de Planeación Minero Energética. (2013). Plan Nacional De Desarrollo Minero 2010 - 2014. Bogotá D.C. Retrieved from co/Docs/pndm/2013/PNDM2014.pdf
Van Gosen, B., Verplanck, P., Long, K., Gambogi, J., Joseph, & Seal. (2014). The Rare-Earth Elements — Vital to Modern Technologies and Lifestyles. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2014–3078. Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2014–3078. fs20143078
World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (The Brundtland Report). Medicine, Conflict and Survival. http://doi. org/10.1080/07488008808408783
Wübbeke, J. (2013). Rare earth elements in China: Policies and narratives of reinventing an industry. Resources Policy, 38(3), 1–11. resourpol.2013.05.005
Ziemann, S., Grunwald, A., Schebek, L., Müller, D. b., & Weil, M. (2013). The future of mobility and its critical raw materials. Revue de Métallurgie, 110(1), 47–54.
Zimmermann, T., & Gößling-Reisemann, S. (2013). Critical materials and dissipative losses: a screening study. The Science of the Total Environment, 461–462, 774–80.
ISSN: 0120-3053
2256-5779 En línea
Appears in Collections:Apuntes del CENES

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
PPS-684.pdfArchivo principal1.08 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons