Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2141
Title: Las perchas para aves como estrategia de restauración ecológica, su influencia sobre la dispersión de semillas y reclutamiento de plántulas en la microcuenca del río La Vega, Tunja - Boyacá.
Authors: Villate Suárez, Carlos Andrés
metadata.dc.contributor.role: Cortés Pérez, Francisco (Director de tesis)
Keywords: Recuperación ecológica
Conservación de los recursos naturales
Restauración ecológica - Investigaciones - Río la Vega (Tunja, Boyacá)
Ecología forestal
Ecosistemas - Investigaciones
Ecosistemas terrestres
Maestría en Ciencias Biológicas - Tesis y disertaciones académicas
Plántulas
Ecología de la restauración
Semillas
Bosque ripario
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
Citation: Villate Suárez, C. A. (2017). Las perchas para aves como estrategia de restauración ecológica, su influencia sobre la dispersión de semillas y reclutamiento de plántulas en la microcuenca del río La Vega, Tunja - Boyacá. (Tesis de maestría). Universidad Pedagógica y tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja. http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2141
Abstract: Las perchas para aves son estructuras que pueden influenciar la dispersión de semillas y dinamizar la sucesión. Dichas estructuras hacen parte de un conjunto de técnicas conocidas como nucleación, el cual es un proceso que implica elementos, bióticos y abióticos, que pueden propiciar la formación de nichos de regeneración. La microcuenca del río la Vega, presenta invasión por especies exóticas, pastizales con fines pecuarios y pérdida de la vegetación nativa del área riparía. Se evaluó la estrategia de restauración con perchas artificiales en el área de ribera, estableciendo un experimento con tres tratamientos; T0: sin perchas, T1: con percha artificial y T2: con percha natural, bajo cada percha se ubicó una trampa para retener las semillas dispersadas y una parcela escarificada para medir el reclutamiento. Mediante la captura de aves y obtención de sus fecas se determinó las principales especies dispersoras de semillas y las principales especies potencialmente dispersadas. El test de Mann Whitney demostró que el tratamiento con percha artificial favoreció la dispersión de semillas ornitócoras. Sin embargo, el reclutamiento de plántulas ornitocoras en las parcelas bajo las perchas no fue significativo. Turdus fuscater y Pheucticus aureoventris fueron las principales especies dispersoras y Acacia melanoxylon, Muehlenbeckia tamnifolia y Morella pubescens, las semillas más dispersadas por las aves. Las perchas artificiales aumentaron la dispersión de semillas, no obstante el reclutamiento de especies ornitócoras en las parcelas bajo perchas artificiales fue limitado, a pesar de eliminar la competencia con el pastizal y herbáceas a través del escarificado.
Description: 1 recurso en línea (106 páginas) : ilustraciones color, figuras, tablas.
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