Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2507
Title: Modificación del almidón, nanoalmidón y su aplicación en lodos de perforación
Authors: Rodríguez Pineda, Lina María
metadata.dc.contributor.role: Muñoz Prieto, Efren de Jesús (Director de Tesis)
Palacios Alquisira, Joaquín (Codirector de tesis)
Keywords: Nanoalmidones
Síntesis de polímeros
Procesamiento de polímeros
Polímeros
Polímeros vegetales
Maestría en Química - Tesis y disertaciones académicas
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
Citation: Rodríguez Pineda, L. M. (2017). Modificación del almidón, nanoalmidón y su aplicación en lodos de perforación. (Tesis de maestría). Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja. http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2507
Abstract: El almidón es un polímero de origen natural con propiedades fisicoquímicas únicas y sin embargo, algunas propiedades estructurales claves del almidón que pueden modificarse para satisfacer requisitos específicos. El paso del almidón a nanoalmidón y posterior modificación química proporciona una variedad de beneficios como mayor estabilidad térmica y menor biodegradabilidad. La preparación de nano partículas de almidón de papa (NPA) se realizó mediante métodos combinados de hidrolisis acida y sonicación, posteriormente a las NPA se le realizaron dos modificaciones, un copolímero de nanopartículas de almidón de papa injertado con poliacrilamida mediante radicales libres, usando persulfato de potasio (PSP), como iniciador y carboximetil nanoalmidón de papa usando hidróxido de potasio como agente de activación y ácido monocloroacético como agente esterificante, las dos preparaciones se realizaron mediante irradiación de microondas. El tamaño de real de las nanopartículas no logro ser determinado por SEM, debido a que presentaba aglomeraciones, las NPA obtenidas fueron amorfas, lo que indico que el ultrasonido afecto las zonas cristalinas del almidón. La confirmación de la modificación de las nanopartículas de almidón de papa se observó mediante la presencia de nuevas bandas en el espectro infrarrojo (FTIR), para el copolimero en 3191 y 1649 cm-1, la presencia del grupo N-H y C=O respectivamente, y para el carboximetil nanoalmidón la presencia del grupo carbonilo en 1595 y 1406 cm-1. Finalmente se tomo el copolimero injertado NPA-i-PAM (MCI-2) y carboximetil nanoalmidón de papa (CMNPA), preparados anteriormente y se añadieron a un lodo bentonita base agua (8%), donde se observó un aumento en la viscosidad y disminuyo la perdida de filtrado en un 45 y 32 % respectivamente, lo que indicaron que estos productos podrán ser utilizados como aditivos en los lodos de perforación como agentes viscosificantes y reductores de filtrado.
Description: 1 recurso en línea (75 páginas) : ilustraciones color, figuras, tablas.
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