Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2586
Title: Evaluación de la residualidad de plaguicidas en papa (Solanum tuberosum) cultivada en Ventaquemada (Boyacá)
Authors: Lara Sandoval, Adriana Elizabeth
metadata.dc.contributor.role: Chaparro Acuña, Sandra Patricia (Directora de tesis)
Keywords: Residuos de plaguicidas - Estudio de casos
Persistencia de los plaguicidas
Maestría en Química - Tesis y disertaciones académicas
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
Citation: Lara Sandoval, A. E. (2015). Evaluación de la residualidad de plaguicidas en papa (Solanum tuberosum) cultivada en Ventaquemada (Boyacá). (Tesis de Maestría). Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja. http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2586
Abstract: Los métodos electroquímicos para la determinación de glifosato, paraquat, metomil, carbofurano y mancozeb fueron validados para su cuantificación en papa. El estudio fue llevado a cabo en un analizador voltamperométrico usando como electrolito de soporte solución buffer Britton-Robinson, electrodo de trabajo de carbón vítreo, Ag/AgCl como electrodo de referencia y platino como electrodo auxiliar. Los plaguicidas en papa fueron extraídos por reparto sólido-líquido. La validación fue llevada a cabo por dos analistas quienes evaluaron seis lotes compuestos por dos muestras naturales, dos estándares y dos muestras adicionadas o fortificadas. Los métodos no presentaron diferencia significativa generando resultados precisos y confiables para la cuantificación de los plaguicidas en muestras de papa con una precisión (%) y exactitud (%) de: glifosato 86,23 y 94,11, paraquat 86,04 y 96,90, metomil 85,93 y 83,016, carbofurano 88,63 y 95,56 y mancozeb 87,65 y 88,39, con un nivel de confiabilidad del 95%. Los límites de detección y cuantificación para los compuestos fueron: 0,074 ppm y 0,19 ppm para glifosato, 0,05 ppm y 0,55 ppm para paraquat, 0,12 ppm y 0,32 ppm para metomil, 0,5 ppm y 1,98 ppm para carbofurano y 0,015 ppm y 0,076 ppm para mancozeb. Se elaboraron cartas control para evaluar el desempeño de los métodos validados y ningún valor sobrepasó los límites de advertencia. Se evaluaron 100 muestras recolectadas en el municipio de Ventaquemada (Boyacá) y los resultados exponen que ninguna de las muestras excedieron el Límite Máximo Residual (LMR) de glifosato (15 mg/kg) y mancozeb (0,2 mg/kg), 97 sobrepasaron el LMR de paraquat (0,05 mg/kg), 100 excedieron el LMR de carbofurano (0,2 mg/kg) y no se detectó metomil en ninguna de las muestras. En conclusión, el herbicida paraquat y el insecticida carbofurano son los plaguicidas más usados en este municipio para el control de malezas e insectos, al igual que el fungicida mancozeb, el cual no se usa tan indiscriminadamente como los dos anteriores.
Description: 1 recurso en línea (105 páginas) : figuras, tablas.
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URI: http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2586
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