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dc.contributor.authorCanto Valdés, María Casandra-
dc.contributor.authorBolio González, Manuel Emilio-
dc.contributor.authorRamírez Alvarez, Hugo-
dc.contributor.authorCen Cen, Carlos Josué-
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-10T14:58:04Z-
dc.date.available2019-09-10T14:58:04Z-
dc.date.issued2019-05-01-
dc.identifier.citationCanto Valdés, M. C. y otros. (2019). Aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos y de diagnóstico del ViLeF y VIF : una revisión actualizada. Revista Ciencia y Agricultura, 16(2), 57-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.19053/01228420.v16.n2.2019.9119. http://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2839spa
dc.identifier.issn2539-0899-
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.uptc.edu.co/handle/001/2839-
dc.description1 recurso en línea (páginas 57-77)spa
dc.description.abstractLos virus de la leucemia felina (ViLeF) e inmunodeficiencia felina (VIF) están clasificados dentro de la familia Retroviridae y son patógenos que afectan a los gatos domésticos. Estos retrovirus felinos tienen alta capacidad de mutación y recombinación, lo cual favorece una amplia población de subtipos virales con capacidades patogénicas diferentes. Tienen gran relevancia en la salud felina, no solo por la severidad de las manifestaciones clínicas en los pacientes, sino también por la complejidad diagnóstica que pueden representar. El rango de prevalencias es amplio entre distintos estudios y zonas geográficas, probablemente por influencia de los factores de riesgo, las condiciones clínicas de los gatos y las pruebas diagnósticas utilizadas. Las manifestaciones clínicas de la patogenia del ViLeF son variables, dependiendo del subtipo viral y del inmunocompromiso del hospedero, ya que pueden existir linfomas, leucemias, aplasia eritrocitaria, mielosupresión e inmunodeficiencia. Por otro lado, el VIF tiene un marcado tropismo hacia los linfocitos TCD4+, lo cual desencadena una inmunodeficiencia característica, pero también se ha descrito un frecuente neurotropismo. Para ambos virus, el diagnóstico de rutina es de tipo serológico, sin embargo, en algunas situaciones no es posible identificar correctamente a los gatos infectados. En estudios recientes se ha incluido el diagnóstico de estos virus por medio de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR), lo que abre una posibilidad a la disminución de errores diagnósticos para el ViLeF, pero aún se discute su efectividad para la detección del VIF. El objetivo del presente artículo es proporcionar información actualizada y precisa sobre los aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos y de diagnóstico del ViLeF y VIF en gatos domésticos.spa
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dc.publisherUniversidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombiaspa
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRevista Ciencia y Agricultura;Volumen 16, número 2 (Mayo-Agosto 2019)-
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2019 Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombiaspa
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/spa
dc.sourcehttps://revistas.uptc.edu.co/index.php/ciencia_agricultura/article/view/9119/7621spa
dc.subject.otherVirus de la leucemia felina - Diagnóstico-
dc.titleAspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos y de diagnóstico del ViLeF y VIF : una revisión actualizadaspa
dc.title.alternativeEpidemiological, Clinical and Diagnostic Features of FeLV and FIV: An Updated Reviewspa
dc.typeArtículo de revistaspa
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dc.description.notesBibliografía y webgrafía: páginas 74-77.spa
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.type.dcmi-type-vocabularyTextspa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlespa
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionspa
dc.description.abstractenglishFeline leukemia (FeLV) and immunodeficiency (FIV) viruses are pathogens which affect domestic cats and are classified within the Retroviridae family. These feline retroviruses feature a high capacity of mutation and recombination, which derives in a broad population of viral subtypes with variable pathogenic capacity. These viruses are of great importance in feline health, not only because of the severity of the clinical signs in patients, but also due to the diagnostic complexity which they can pose. The range of prevalence is wide among different studies and geographical zones, probably due to the influence of risk factors, clinical condition of cats and diagnostic tests used. The clinical signs of FeLV disease are variable, depending on the viral subtype and the host’s immune-compromise, as there could be lymphoma, leukemia, red cell aplasia myelosuppresion and immunodeficiency. On another hand, FIV has a marked tropism towards TCD4+ lymphocytes, triggering a characteristic immunodeficiency, but a frequent neurotropism has also been described. In both viruses, serological diagnostic is a routine procedure; however, in some situations it is not possible to identify correctly the infected cats. Recent studies have included Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) as a diagnostic method, opening a possibility to decreasing diagnostic errors for FeLV, but its effectiveness for FIV detection is still being discussed. The purpose of the present article is to provide updated and precise information about epidemiological, clinical and diagnostic aspects of FeLV and FIV in domestic cats.spa
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.19053/01228420.v16.n2.2019.9119.-
dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadasspa
dc.subject.armarcLeucemia en animales-
dc.subject.armarcCáncer en animales-
dc.subject.armarcEpidemiología veterinaria-
dc.subject.armarcAgrosaviaspa
dc.subject.proposalDiagnósticospa
dc.subject.proposalGatosspa
dc.subject.proposalPatogeniaspa
dc.subject.proposalPrevalenciaspa
dc.subject.proposalVirus de la inmunodeficiencia felinaspa
dc.subject.proposalVirus de la leucemia felinaspa
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