@ARTICLE{Jim,
author = { - Jiménez Espinosa, Alfonso}
year = 2010-01-01
title = {La naturaleza de la Matemática, sus concepciones y su influencia en el salón de clase}
abstract = {Even if in the last two decades the situation tends to change, the history of mathematical education shows
that, it has had the belief that to be a maths teacher, one only needs a good command of its topics, without having in mind that one has an attitude in front of the class. The teacher’s attitude is reflected in the activities that the students develop, according how he perceives the subject and the objectives pursued by his teachings. In other words, a good mathematics knowledge is a necessary condition, but not sufficient to teach it.
The teacher’s performance in front of his students -most of the time implicit and unconscious- determines a great part of the students progress, the results in their learning and their like or dislike of the subject. Therefore, ‘the problem is not only how much mathematics knowledge one has, nor which is the best way to teach it, but to have sufficient clarity of what mathematics is truly about’ (Hersh, 1986). Traditionally, there have been two basic forms of conceiving mathematical concepts: As abstract entities or as entities related to the world and the environment in which we live. Through the history of maths, diverse philosophical schools have studied these two forms of viewing mathematical notions: As abstract entities or entities which have a relation with the world and the environment where ones lives. Throughout maths’ History diverse philosophical schools have studied these two ways to see the mathematical concepts, such as platonism, idealism, rationalism, logicism, empiricism, constructivism, formalism and ultimately the social-cultural approach. Thus the objective of this article is to examine some of these philosophical statements about mathematics nature, its presence in the classroom, and in the students learning in order to generate a reflection among those who teach it, to make mathematics more enjoyable and meaningful to children and teenagers.}
publisher = {Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia}